George Washington Crile, a famous physician and surgeon, made his home in Cleveland Heights for many years. He was born in a farm in 1864 near the little village of Chili, Ohio. He graduated from high school and began to teach. In the town where he taught he met a doctor, through whose influence young Crile became interested in medicine. Doctors at that time made house calls in horse-drawn buggies. Crile often went with the doctor on his calls and listened to him discuss his cases. Plans for a career in medicine began to take shape in young Crile’s mind. He worked his way though a small medical school in Cleveland, Ohio. Today this college is the Case Western Reserve Medical School. He graduated and became a doctor in 1887.
One day when Doctor Crile was working in the hospital a friend was brought in. He has been run over by a street car and both legs had been cut off. He was dying of shock. Nothing the doctors did helped. Doctor Crile made up his mind to find a way to cure patients suffering from shock. Actually, since 1492 doctors had been searching for a method to control this condition with no success. It was thought that giving blood to the patient might be the answer but no one succeeded in giving a blood transfusion.